5 Common Excavation Types Used in Construction

Proper excavation is important for land development. Foundational work like this often dictates the pace and safety of the rest of the project.

If you’re in the early stages of planning a building project, you need to be aware of excavation.

Every process will be different. This is often due to the types of materials that the project is dealing with.

It also depends on the purpose of the excavation as well. Here are five different types of excavation.

1. Cut and Fill Excavation

Cut and Fill excavation is pretty self-explanatory. Local material is cut away from certain areas of the property and used to fill other places.

This is best when the terrain isn’t consistent or level. Because of this, it is often used to develop multi-level buildings.

It will be very obvious if a multi-level building is not straight. To avoid this, the ground and foundation below it must be excavated properly. This will need proper planning from professional excavation companies.

2. Trench

Trench excavation is one of the most common forms of excavation. It is any type of excavation where the length is greater than its depth, usually by a huge ratio.

This is often employed for developing local, below-ground infrastructure. Large plumbing installations or electrical configurations are a few examples of this.

When planning for trenching, it is incredibly important to take proper precautions. Without them, unfortunately, a project can go sour very quickly.

3. Basement

This is going to be the easiest to explain. This excavation is for developing the basement level of a building. Most basements are entirely below ground level.

Depending on the type of building you are planning, you may think a basement isn’t necessary. This is not the case.

Even if the future tenants don’t occupy the basement, it is critical to have one. Basements make the previously mentioned utility infrastructure a lot easier to manage. This ease becomes mission-critical if the building is in a crisis.

In short, the excavation cost of a basement is necessary.

4. Dredging

Dredging is usually a combination of the excavation methods mentioned earlier. What makes it distinct, however, is that it deals with below water-level projects.

Whenever a river, lake, or any body of water needs attention, dredging is the solution. Contrary to popular belief, most bodies of water aren’t naturally deep. They often require optimizations and safety checks before commercial use.

Dredging may be required even if your development is not on the water. Water can affect the earth around it for unpredictable amounts of distance. It is an essential safety check, even if the possibility is remote.

5. Over-Excavation

Finally, there is over-excavation. While this may sound like an error, it is sometimes required for the development.

There are situations where a project needs to go beyond its depth. Often, this is due to the materials that exist below it.

The material could be unsuitable for many reasons. This is where hiring a professional excavation company is best for the project.

Get an Excavation Quote Today!

Excavation is essential for commercial developments. Knowing what types of excavation fit your project will avoid unnecessary costs.

If you’re looking for a partner, contact us!

We have decades of experience in the field. We’ve also completed some of the Midwest’s biggest and most demanding projects. No matter what your project requires, BuildPro’s team will move heaven and earth to complete the job on time and on budget.

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