Earthwork Series: The Importance of Land Grading

land grading

The construction industry makes up an astonishing 4% of the U.S. GDP. Before any new industrial farm, apartment complex, or manufacturing plant can get started, they need a construction company. A vital foundation of the construction process is site grading. The land must be prepped and evaluated first, or you could end up with both immediate and future problems for your construction project. What is land grading? Why is it important to construction projects? Keep scrolling for the answers to these questions and more.

Site Grading

Land grading prepares the site for construction by creating level or sloped areas. Although it sounds relatively simple, a good grading plan requires careful skill and analysis of the soil and water.

Site grading is especially important for commercial or municipal industries with strict requirements, like transportation and industrial infrastructure.

Structures like airports and highways have strict codes and regulations for construction. They rely on precise and thorough land grading to maintain public safety. 

1. Preparing for Land Grading

Commercial earthwork may require a level ground before construction can start. Just like site grading prepares a site before construction, the land may need preparation before it’s graded.

Land grading typically involves clearing and grubbing first, which removes obstructive vegetation like trees and tree roots. Grading may also need mass excavation of rocks and other large debris before leveling.

Some projects involve repurposing land, especially for properties that started off residential before they were zoned for commercial, municipal, or industrial purposes. Site grading projects can require site demolition to remove unwanted buildings and structures.

2. The Land Grading Process

Grading includes a professional evaluation of the land as well as the construction project. Along with leveling, land grading must ensure proper water runoff for the property and surrounding areas.

Grading creates slopes and/or elevations so water drains safely away from structures. It also ensures water doesn’t drain into surrounding areas and cause damages to other public or private property.

Too little runoff will cause flooding and pooling water to damage the land and structural foundations. Intense water runoff will displace topsoil and create erosion problems.

3. Land Grading After Leveling

Once the ground is cleared, leveled, and properly sloped, the next step is soil stabilization. The topsoil is replaced so the ground is stable before anything is built on top of it.

Land grading can also require soil remediation. This process removes contaminants that can have negative environmental impacts, including hazards to people and wildlife. 

Inclusive Quality Services for All Your Construction Project Needs

Land grading is very crucial to the immediate and future success of any construction project. It also involves many other construction processes.

If you need a company that can do it all from start to finish, BuildPro STL has you covered. We have the expertise and qualifications necessary for earthwork projects large and small.

We maintain the highest standards on safety and quality. Contact us to get started on your project today.