The Rock Excavation Process: What You Need to Know

Are you interested in learning more about the rock excavation process?

With more than 10 million people working in construction in 2020, it’s no surprise that more and more companies are appearing every year.

The rock excavation process is a complicated one, but we’re here to help. We want to make sure that you have all of the information you need to make an informed decision about your next project.

You’ll discover everything from why rock excavation is necessary, who uses this method, and how they use it. If you’re looking for an in-depth look at the entire process, keep reading.

What Is Rock Excavation?

When talking about commercial earthwork, it’s important to understand rock excavation.

Excavation is the process of removing rock for construction purposes. The end product could be rock, fragments, shingles, shale, slates, or flagstones.

Solid rock excavating requires professional experience and skills to assure safety. It’s important to make sure you have the right people on your construction site when performing this type of work.

Rock Excavation Methods

For general purposes, hard rock excavation methods are broken down into two categories. There are other complications, but they are out of the scope of this article.

Roughly speaking, the categories are machine and manual rock removal.

Machine rock removal is used for larger projects where speed is essential. The goal here is to excavate as much rock as possible with heavy equipment. This includes hydraulic breakers, bulldozers, backhoes, bobcats, draglines, and front-end loaders. 

Manual rock removal works differently from the first option because it uses heavy machinery to break rock but doesn’t use it for major excavation. Instead, the stone is manually broken into smaller pieces that can be loaded into trucks or pushed out of the way.

It is, of course, important to consider safety at all times. The CDC and NIOSH have created guides to help companies understand the causes of workplace accidents.

Who Uses Rock Excavation?

The rock excavation process is used mainly by commercial construction companies who need rock removed from work sites to start new projects. Generally speaking, rock excavation is used in the following circumstances:

Site Preparation

Rock needs to be removed from an area before a large commercial project can begin. Most of the time, this rock will be reused on-site or resold as crushed rock or aggregates. In some circumstances, companies may send rock to rock crushers for use in concrete or asphalt.

Artificial Structures

The rock excavation process can also be used to create rock islands in large bodies of water, rock walls along the coastline, riverbeds and drainage channels, rock piles where the soil is lacking, rock gardens, basements, and car parks. Rock might also be used in hazardous material containment.

Find the Best Company for Your Project

We hope this article has helped you better understand how rock excavation works and why it is necessary when starting construction projects of any size.

If you want to get a good deal on excavation services, you need to talk to the best.

Choose BuildPro STL. We provide excavation and earthwork landscape services throughout the Midwest and tackle all project types and sizes.

Are you ready to begin? Get in touch with us now to book a free estimate!

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