Excavation is much more than just digging. It involves precise mathematical computations and strategies to ensure the safety of the workers and the structure. Any errors can lead to fatal accidents, such as the sides collapsing, electrocution, and so on.
Regardless of the danger, excavation is a necessary procedure for building structures. It’s a crucial part of site demolition, creating a foundation, installing water tanks, and more.
Mass excavation is only one type. Have you ever wondered what happens before and after this process? Keep on reading to learn more about the subject.
Before Mass Excavation
Unlike other types, mass excavation doesn’t have to be precise. It’s usually the best option for jobs that don’t focus on accuracy, such as removing an underground tank. It uses trenching, dredging, and other processes to get the job done.
That said, the processes prior are similar. Here are the steps we take before a mass excavation.
First, an excavating contractor analyzes the soil in the site to determine the most appropriate digging method. The type of soil also dictates the safety measures that the company and its workers must take.
Depending on the findings, the contractor might have to do some steps before excavation. They might have to do some soil stabilization, for example.
Locating Underground Utilities
Any excavation project starts with a drawing plan. It outlines where the digging begins and ends. It also marks which parts to avoid.
For an accurate drawing, excavating services must locate underground utilities first. They might hire a utility locator company, which uses specialized tools and machines to identify all pipes and cables on the site.
The excavating company prepares the site by clearing & grubbing. It sets corner benchmarks and places markings to help machine operators.
After Mass Excavation
Mass excavation is only the first step of many processes, such as site grading or building transportation & industrial infrastructure. These are some processes that happen afterward.
The excavated soil becomes material for backfilling. The excess often goes to a landfill, but it can serve other purposes.
Some companies reuse it. In the case of contamination, however, it should undergo soil remediation. This process cleans the soil before it becomes suitable for other applications.
The site must pass the subsequent quality checks before moving on to the next step. Some examples of what the excavating company examines are:
- Initial ground level and bottom size
- Removal of unsuitable material for filling
- Observation of safety measures
- Density of backfilling
As previously mentioned, the excavation job is only the start of a larger project. The company handling it must ensure they did it to lay a secure foundation for the subsequent steps.
Learn More About Mass Excavation Now
Do you need a mass excavation service? Are you unsure what type of digging method is best for your project? Use what you learned to understand your mass excavation project better.
Learn more about excavation services to discover the right fit for your project. Contact us today and let us help you get started.